Glossary of acronyms and terminology for Vinyl Collectors
An explanation of the abbreviations, acronyms and terminology used in the domain of collecting vinyl records.
means a 7-inch diameter, the smallest diameter used
for vinyl records, mainly used for singles, although 7" EP's do exist.
Mostly recorded at 45rpm, but some older UK records have been recorded at
33 1/3 RPM
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10" 10-inch the medium diameter of records, mainly used for
EP's ( Extended Play ) records with 3-4 tracks.
12" 12-inch (~31cm) the largest diameter for records, mainly
called LP's ( Long Play ) records with a duration of 20-25 minutes of music on each side, although 12" singles exist, so-called maxi-singles.
Blank Jacket (cover)
"backed with" or "B-side with" and refers to the b-side of a single
Cut Corner - One of the corners of the album cover has been cut off. Usually to mark a discounted record.
La chante du Monde
Cut Hole - The album cover has a hole cut into it. Usually used to mark a discounted record.
Club National du Disque
Cut Out, deleted item that has been saw cut, clipped or drilled by the record company to prevent it being sold as full price product.
Les Discophiles Francais
A sleeve with a custom cut area or hole, usually
intended to reveal a picture disc, coloured vinyl disc or the label, without
having to remove it from the sleeve.
Double LP, an album with two Long Play records.
Direct Metal Mastering
during the vinyl records production process the master disc is cut on a copper-coated disc. which produces a high quality audio (audiophile) record, it seems that DMM also improved the lifetime of the vinyl discs
an EP is a record which has two or three tracks on each
For Auction, item is for sale on an auction
Fold Out Cover, see: Gatefold cover
Freakbeat is the name for rare, collectable,
and obscure British Invasion records. Usually, these are rare British blues
and garage rock, bands that sounded a bit like the Rolling Stones, Yardbirds,
or the Bluesbreakers, but occasionally some of the tougher Merseybeat bands
fit this category, too. The criteria for freakbeat is a little vague, and
known basically to collectors who specialize in the style, but it generally
is fairly obscure British Invasion of all
Gatefold Cover, A sleeve folded down the centre to create
a double pocket, some may have the opening on the inside (eg Pink Floyd's
Meddle) more commonly the opening is on the outside
Glam rock is a style of rock music popularised
in the 1970s, and was mostly a British phenomenon and confined to larger
cities in the U.S. such as New York and Los Angeles. It was distinguished
by the costumes and stage acts of the performers rather than any particular
aspect of their music. The emphasis was on superficiality and an unabashed
embracing of decadence, fame and sexuality, a statement of sorts against
such acts as Pink Floyd, King Crimson,
Glitter rock, a short-lived genre in the
mid-1970s, was an extreme exploration of the fantasy-side of the reality-fantasy
parents of heavy metal. Was staylized by the flashy appearance of the performers.
The music merged theatrics and rock music of the early to late 1970's. There
was as well a influence of the idea of alien life and an ever changing image
in performance, music and artist in general.
High Quality Vinyl LPs which weights 180 grams.
The High Quality 180 gram premium format offers a significant improvement
in the sound of recordings. The HQ-180 is 50% heavier with 50% more mass,
providing a more substantial platform for the phono pick-up system. The
result is a more stable, focused image with tighter, deeper bass, crisp
transient attack and improved channel separation. The HQ-180 is not only
thicker and heavier, the new technology used to press the HQ-180 yields
an even quieter surface, providing reduced noise and distortion components
Highly Rated, Recommended
Italo disco was a style of electronic dance
music during the 80s. Though many of the artists came from Italy as the
name implies, the term is sometimes used for groups in other European countries
in conjunction with euro disco. Italo disco had a more synth pop/electro
feel to it than American disco, which had funk and soul roots
Le Club Francais du Disque
Long Play this is record with more then 4-5 tracks per
side and usually a duration of 20-25 minutes per side.
La Voce del Padrone
La Voz de Su Amo
La voix de son Maitre
The number or numbers in the run-off groove
of a record or around the centre ring on the playing side of a compact disc.
Identifies a particular pressing from other pressings of the same item.
For example, the only way to tell which mix of Frankie Goes to Hollywood's
'Relax' 12" you may have (there are three different ones with identical
labels) is purely by the matrix in the run off groove. See also: stamper
Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab has been the undisputed pioneer
and leader in audiophile recordings since the company's inception in 1977. Established
by dedicated audiophiles, Mobile Fidelity's first and foremost goal was to offer
faithfully reproduced high fidelity recordings that would compliment the numerous
advances occurring in audio delivery systems. Throughout its history, Mobile
Fidelity has remained true to this goal, pioneering state-of-the-art technologies
and setting audiophile standards that remain in place today.
The Musical Masterpiece Society
Mono, a mono record has only channel of sound vs stereo which has two channels
Neutral Cover, neutral sleeve, opposite of picture
An OBI is a paper strip which is usually wrapped
around the left corner of the LPs or the CDs. The purpose of the OBI is
mainly for the translation of the title into Japanese and to give additional
information on the product. See our OBILand? Section for more information
about OBIs. Obi-strips are very rare on Japanese items dating from before
the late 1960s. Related Links: Electric
Original Inner Sleeve aka Custom Inner Sleeve. The inner sleeve of an album has been customized to include artwork, photos or lyrics,
Out Of Print, this recording (LP, CD) is no longer produced
Punch Hole or Promo Hole
Picture Sleeve , or picture cover
Sealed an album which still in it's UNOPENED packaging.
A single is is a record which has one track on each side of the record
Sticker on Back Cover
Sticker on Cover
Stereo - two channel sound
A stamper is used to "press" the vinyl. Pressing vinyl records over and
over again is hard on metal stampers. Causing them to wear out, split, become
scratched, etc. For a regular weight LP, one can press approximately 1000
records per set of stampers before we start to lose sound quality. For HQ-180
records, the general rule of thumb is one set of stamper per 500 records,
due to the longer cycle time and added pressure needed to make the thicker
record. Therefore, if you have larger orders, more stampers are needed to
complete that order with the highest quality surface integrity. For instance,
no one wants an LP from a stamper where the grooves have been damaged due
Tape On Cover, or Tear of Cover
UNCUT PICTURE DISC
An item which when commercially released
was a shaped disc, but for test pressing purposes has been left circular
with either a clear or coloured surround around the actual picture. Only
ever a handful in circulation.
White Label Promo. Appears only on vinyl
where the label is white and for promotional use only
A promotional pressing with a completely blank
label denoting it is promo only. May also have unique black on white printed
labels with just artist & title information or "A" & "B" symbols. Some white
labels have different catalogue numbers to domestic releases.